The source code of this article can be found in this github repository


Introduction

There are many tools today that makes you really productive, they take away fixing small errors and formatting your code.

In this tutorial we are going to build a TypeScript project from scratch, add it linting and formatting capabilities and at the end making it automatic with every git commit you run.


Creating a TypeScript Project

We are going to create the simplest TypeScript project. In Order to do so, run the following commands

mkdir typescript-example
cd $_
npm init -y
npm i -D typescript
npx tsc --init

Adding ESLint

First, let's understand what ESLint is all about, from eslint getting-started

ESLint is a tool for identifying and reporting on patterns found in ECMAScript/JavaScript code, with the goal of making code more consistent and avoiding bugs.

Pretty straight forward, it's something you really want in your project. To add ESLint we'll need to add the following packages

npm i -D eslint @typescript-eslint/parser @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin

and add two files to our project folder: A file named .eslintrc.js which contains all our ESLint configurations

// .eslintrc.js
module.exports = {
  root: true,
  parser: '@typescript-eslint/parser',
  plugins: ['@typescript-eslint'],
  extends: [
    'eslint:recommended',
    'plugin:@typescript-eslint/eslint-recommended',
    'plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended',
  ],
};

You can explore the recommended rules for eslint:recommended and for @typescript-eslint/recommended.

A File named .eslintignore so we won't compile node_modules

// .eslintignore
node_modules;

PS, add your compiled code folder here or any other folder you wish to ignore

Final thing, let's add two npm scripts that lint and fix the code for us

"scripts": {
  "lint": "eslint . --ext .js,.jsx,.ts,.tsx",
  "lint:fix": "npm run lint -- --fix"
}

In order to test the scripts, add a dummy index.ts file with the following content

const x: number = 123;

console.log(x);

We can see that the type annotation is redundant and can be omitted, after running
npm run tslint:fix the file is linted and fixed for us

const x = 123;

console.log(x);

Adding Prettier

So what is Prettier? from Prettier Docs

Prettier is an opinionated code formatter It removes all original styling and ensures that all outputted code conforms to a consistent style.

Long story short, you won't have to argue about tabs vs spaces (or any other code-style) ever again!

To add Prettier and integrate it with ESLint add the following packages:

npm i -D prettier eslint-config-prettier eslint-plugin-prettier

Next, we'll update .eslintrc.js to ignore all formatting rules that are not from Prettier, and then use Prettier as an ESLint rule

// .eslintrc.js
module.exports = {
  root: true,
  parser: '@typescript-eslint/parser',
  plugins: ['@typescript-eslint', 'prettier'],
  rules: {
    'prettier/prettier': 'error',
  },
  extends: [
    'eslint:recommended',
    'plugin:prettier/recommended',
    'plugin:@typescript-eslint/eslint-recommended',
    'plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended',
  ],
};

In order to test this, let's create a simple .prettierrc file that contains our Prettier options

// .prettierrc
{
  "singleQuote": true
}

Back to our index.ts let's add some unformatted code

const x: string = 'Unformatted String';

console.log(x);

after running npm run tslint:fix we can see the fixed and formatted file

const x = 'Unformatted String';

console.log(x);

Adding lint-staged and husky

It's pretty easy to forget linting and formatting our code before comitting and pushing it, lint-staged and husky to the rescue!

Husky is a package that helps us integrate with git hooks and lint-staged is helping us to lint our staged files.

First, let's initialize git by running git init and creating .gitingore file

// .gitignore
node_modules;

Let's add them by running

npm i -D husky lint-staged

and add their configuration to our package.json

{
  "husky": {
    "hooks": {
      "pre-commit": "lint-staged"
    }
  },
  "lint-staged": {
    "*.{js,jsx,ts,tsx}": "eslint --cache --fix"
  }
}

That's all! now when we git commit our files we'll get linting and formatting automatically.


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